The Hawaiian Islands are a paradise destination for most people. However, it is also a critical location for many endemic and endangered species, whose conservation status is severely affected. Among these species are ground-nesting birds such as the Nene or Hawaiian goose, the Hawaiian Stilt, the Hawaiian Gallinule, the Wedge-tailed Shearwater, and the Laysan Albatross.

Their main threat comes from species introduced by humans, such as rats, mongooses, and feral cats. To protect them, conservation measures are necessary, including specific traps for these predators and fencing to enclose breeding areas for species that nest in colonies like the Laysan Albatross and the Wedge-tailed Shearwater. Indeed, they only survive in an area completely isolated from the rest of the island by a predator-proof fence.